Support & Resources

Getting help and support may help manage diabetes. Support groups and resources are ready and waiting.

Finding Help

Follow these links to support groups, blogs and more.

Resources

Frequently asked questions about diabetes from MedicineNet. This link takes you to its web site.

An overview of diabetes from eMedicineHealth. This link takes you to its web site.

Click here to get a resource list on type 1 diabetes.

Looking for more information on type 2 diabetes? Here’s a list of resources that may help.

These links will take you to the web sites of organizations that can provide you with more information.

Living & Managing

Here you’ll find information about living with and managing diabetes.

Living and Coping

Feeling ill? Diabetes patients may need special care.

These six tips may help keep stress from undermining diabetes management.

Learn how exercise can help control diabetes.

Get a sample diabetes meal plan for breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks.

A little planning may make your journeys more enjoyable. Get up to speed before you hit the road.

Planning a pregnancy? Here’s what you need to know if you have diabetes.

Eating healthy with diabetes.

Personal Stories

Personal Stories of life with diabetes.

Treatment & Care

Diabetes treatment is an absolute must for diabetes patients. Find out what’s needed for diabetes care.

 

Treatment

People with type 1 diabetes aren’t the only ones who use insulin. Learn how insulin is used to treat various forms of diabetes.

What prescription drugs can you take to control diabetes?

Find out how diabetes in pregnancy is managed.

This video explores use of insulin pumps in young children with diabetes.

Learn about supplements and herbal medicines for diabetes

Information about islet cell and pancreas transplants to treat diabetes.

Is your type 1 diabetes under control?

Care

Use these seven steps from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for lifelong diabetes management.

Assess your health status and how well your type 2 diabetes is under control.

Assess your health status and how well your type 1 diabetes is under control.

Your diabetes health care team starts with you. Find out who else is on the squad.

Learn why it’s so important for diabetes patients to take care of their feet.

This WebMD feature explores the next wave of glucose monitors.

Find out how to get back on track in coping with diabetes. You’ll exit WebMD to reach this web site.

Diagnosis & Tests

Almost a third of those with diabetes aren’t aware they have the disease. Learn how diabetes is diagnosed and what tests doctors and patients use for diabetes.

Diagnosis

Learn how doctors diagnose type 2 diabetes.

Are you worried about diabetes during pregnancy?  How is this diagnosed? Find out why it’s important to know about diagnosing diabetes during pregnancy.

Tests

Learn how diabetes patients can test their blood glucose levels – and why they should be monitoring blood sugars regularly.

Get the facts on this diabetes test, which is given after the patient fasts for 8-16 hours.

The hemoglobin A1C blood test checks how well your diabetes has been recently been controlled.

Diabetes patients often take urine tests to check for diabetes-related kidney disease and severe hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).

Kids may not have obvious symptoms before being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

 

Symptoms & Types

Do you know diabetes symptoms and warning signs, or the difference between symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes? Get that information here.

Symptoms

Over 6 million people in the U.S. (both adults and children) have undiagnosed diabetes. Are you living with the symptoms of diabetes? Learn the symptoms of diabetes.

Warning Signs

Increased hunger, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination — these red flags may indicate early symptoms of diabetes. Read more.

Types

In type 1 diabetes, previously known as juvenile diabetes, the body’s immune system destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes accounting for 90%-95% of people with diabetes. It’s been seen more in children with diabetes too. How can too much insulin (insulin resistant) result in this disease?

Are you one of the 41 million people in the U.S. with prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance)?  Are you aware that this condition also increases the risk of heart disease read more.

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and affects about 4% of all pregnancies. It increases complications for mother and baby. Get the facts.

Complications

Uncontrolled diabetes may damage nerves, making it harder to notice foot problems due to diabetes that can eventually require amputation.

Diabetes may make the body more vulnerable to skin infections and other illnesses.

Find out about insulin resistance and its dangerous ties to heart disease.

Up to a third of diabetes patients have diabetes-related skin problems at some point in their lives. Get the facts.

Eye Problems, Heart Disease and High Blood Pressure

Hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia and ketoacidosis

Overview & Facts

Understanding diabetes is the first step to managing it. Get information on diabetes causes, risk factors, warning signs, and prevention tips.

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is the most common disorder of the endocrine (hormone) system.

Causes

Diabetes occurs when the body cannot regulate blood sugars. Are the causes for type 1 and type 2 diabetes different? Find out.

 

Are You at Risk?

A family history and age increases the risk for type 2 diabetes. Read what other risk you have; you may be surprised to find that there are some risk factors for type 2 diabetes that you can change.

 

Learn about risk factors for diabetes in pregnancy.

 

Prevention

Type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented, but type 2 diabetes has modifiable risk factors which can help you lower your risk for the disease. Find out how.

 

Did you know that despite having the risks for developing diabetes, some steps can help in preventing type 2 diabetes?  Get information on type 2 diabetes prevention from the National Institutes of Health. This link will take you to their web site.

Diabetes: 5 Steps to Total Body Care

If you have type 2 diabetes, you know that blood sugar control, a balanced diet, weight management, regular exercise, and checkups are vital to your health. Taking special care of every part of your body to avoid serious complications is just as critical.

Among some of your biggest concerns with diabetes care are:

  • Foot infections
  • Chronic skin infections
  • Gum disease and tooth loss
  • Vision problems
  • Heart disease and blood circulation problems

Diabetes Body Care: It’s for Everyone

The need to take care of yourself isn’t just for adults; with the epidemic of childhood obesity, type 2 diabetes has also become more prevalent among children, teens, and young adults.

“In hospitals, we’re seeing first-time patients in their late 20s and 30s who have uncontrolled blood sugar and severe skin infections that probably started as a boil or a spider bite,” says Philip Orlander, MD, director of endocrinology at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston.

How can diabetes so dramatically damage the body? If blood sugar is uncontrolled, blood vessels and nerves become damaged, while the body becomes less able to fight infections.

Controlling blood sugar is the bottom line in preventing these problems, but personal care routines — simple things you can do every day — can dramatically reduce your risks, too.

5 Steps to Total Diabetes Body Care

Your feet, skin, eyes, heart, and teeth and gums need special attention if you have diabetes. Here are steps you can take to care for these parts of your body:

1. Foot Care and Diabetes

Common foot problems can cause many complications, including athlete’s foot, fungal infections in nails, calluses, corns, blisters, bunions, dry skin, sores, hammertoes, ingrown toenails, and plantar warts.

While anyone can have these problems, they’re more critical for people with diabetes because:

  • If you have nerve damage, you may not feel small wounds that need treatment.
  • Poor blood flow can slow wound healing.
  • If you’re immune suppressed, you may be more prone to infection.
  • Damaged foot muscle nerves may prevent your foot from aligning properly, causing you to put more pressure on one area of the foot, leading to foot sores and pressure point ulcers.

Prevention tips: Make time for foot care daily. Wash, dry and examine the tops and bottoms of your feet. Check for cracked skin, cuts, scratches, wounds, blisters, redness, calluses, and other changes. Use antibiotic creams recommended by your doctor and apply sterile bandages to protect cuts. Prevent ingrown toenails by cutting toenails straight across; don’t cut corners. Don’t go barefoot and always protect your feet. Make sure you wear properly fitting footwear.

If you develop even minor foot problems, treat them right away or see a doctor. And see a foot doctor (podiatrist) every two or three months.

Checking your feet daily means you can catch small things and get them treated before they become serious. Make it part of your daily morning routine — it doesn’t take long.

2. Skin Care and Diabetes

Bacterial infections, fungal infections, and itching are common skin problems anyone can develop, but they’re especially problematic for people with diabetes because of poor blood flow and because the body may not be fighting infection well. Avoid extremely serious complications. Don’t ignore these problems:

  • Bacterial infections like boils (hair follicle infections) require antibiotic treatment.
  • Fungal infections include the yeast-like fungus called Candida albicans, which often occurs in warm, moist folds of the skin: under the breasts, around the nails, between fingers and toes, and in the armpit and groin areas.
    • Jock itch(in the genitals and thighs), athlete’s foot (between the toes), ringworm (on the feet, groin, chest, abdomen, scalp, and nails) and vaginal infections are very common when blood sugar isn’t controlled. These may require treatment with prescription medications, though occasional over-the-counter antifungal treatments may work.
    • A fungal infection called mucormycosis (contracted from soil fungus and decaying plants) can become extremely serious, especially for those with out of control type 2 diabetes. It may start as a sinus infection that gets worse, and can spread to the lungs and brain. Symptoms are sinus infection, fever, eye swelling, skin redness over the sinus area; occasionally ulceration can occur with drainage. See a doctor immediately; this can be life-threatening.
  • Itching caused by dry skin, a yeast infection, or poor blood flow (in the legs especially) is often a result of diabetes. Using lotion or creams can provide relief.

Other skin conditions are caused by poor blood supply and some by your body’s resistance to using insulin.

Rashes, bumps, and blisters can also occur; some require treatment, some don’t. You need to know which is which and get them treated when necessary.

For instance, eruptive xanthomatosis, a skin condition, is caused by high cholesterol and fat levels in the blood. It appears on the backs of arms, legs, and buttocks as firm, yellow, waxy, pea-like bumps which are typically itchy and surrounded by red halos. Medication to control fat levels in the blood help, as does controlling blood sugar.

Prevention tips: Boost your body’s ability to fight infection, and help prevent dry skin, by controlling you blood sugar. Use talcum powder in areas prone to infections and use moisturizing lotions and soaps when needed. (Don’t put lotions between toes; extra moisture there can trigger fungus growth.)

And remember, see your doctor for treatment of skin problems that won’t go away — especially foot problems and fungal infections. These can be very serious, and require treatment with prescription medication.

3. Eye Care and Diabetes

Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to serious preventable problems like cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy.

  • With a cataract, the eye’s lens becomes cloudy, blurring vision. While anyone can get cataracts, they may develop at an earlier age — and progress more quickly — if you have diabetes.
  • Glaucoma occurs when pressure builds inside the eye due to fluid not draining properly. The pressure damages the eye’s nerves and blood vessels, harming vision.
  • Retinopathy is caused by blood vessel damage in the eyes, and if not diagnosed and treated early, can lead to blindness.

Prevention tips: Prevent these problems from becoming serious by making sure your blood sugar is under control and see an eye doctor for an annual exam.

4. Teeth and Gum Care with Diabetes

Most people develop gum problems during their lives but, if you have diabetes, your risks are higher for serious gum disease — and for getting it at an earlier age.

That’s because, with diabetes, your body is more vulnerable to bacteria and infection. High blood sugar levels can make gum disease worse, resulting in bleeding, tender gums, and gums that pull away from teeth. In time, you may need gum surgery to save your teeth.

Other mouth problems that are a risk:

  • Gum inflammation
  • Poor healing after dental treatment
  • Dry mouth
  • Burning mouth or tongue

Prevention tips: Brush after every meal, floss daily, and see your dentist twice a year. Be sure to tell your dentist you have diabetes and bring a list of the medications you take.

Discuss any mouth infections or difficulties in controlling blood sugar levels with your dentist, and make sure blood sugar is under control before routine dental procedures. If you’re having dental surgery, your dentist should consult with your diabetes doctor about your medications and the need for an antibiotic.

5. Caring for Your Heart When You Have Diabetes

Heart disease, heart attack, and stroke are very serious concerns for anyone with diabetes, but they can also be prevented.

Buildup of cholesterol on blood vessel walls (hardening of the arteries) is the most common cause of heart disease and stroke. When blood sugar levels are higher than normal, this damaging process escalates – reducing blood flow to the heart and brain and increasing heart attack and stroke risks. The heart’s pumping ability can also be affected, leading to heart failure.

Prevention tips: Follow your doctor’s advice in keeping blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol in check.

If you have diabetes, your cholesterol and blood pressure levels must be lower than for the average person – so you must take your prescribed medications. Lose weight if you are obese, exercise regularly, and eat a heart-healthy diet low in fat and salt. Quit smoking and talk to your doctor about taking a daily aspirin.

And, finally, make sure you’re getting good medical care for your diabetes. “If you’re trying everything lifestyle changes, nutrition, medication but if blood sugar is not getting better, you may need a new doctor,” says Orlander.