Symptoms & Types

Are there hypertension symptoms? What are the complications of high blood pressure? Learn about hypertension, its symptoms, complications, and types.


How well are you managing your hypertension? Get your WebMD Hypertension Score.

One of the most dangerous aspects of hypertension is that you may not know that you have it. Nearly one-third of people who have hypertension don’t know it. There are signs of extremely high blood pressure: Learn the signs to watch for.

Warning Signs

In most cases, there are no clear warning signs of high blood pressure, but blood pressure can become dangerously high and threaten your organs and your life.

Regular visits to your doctor can help you manage hypertension. However, there may be situations that warrant a call to your doctor between visits. Learn what to watch for and when it’s time to pick up the phone.


Unlike hypertension, the less common secondary hypertension is the result of another condition or disorder, such as kidney disease or sleep apnea. Learn which other conditions put you at risk, and how the condition is diagnosed and treated.

Nearly a quarter of American adults are said to have a new disorder: prehypertension. Find out what that is.


One of the most serious health problems related to untreated high blood pressure, atherosclerosis contributes to coronary artery disease. Learn about symptoms, diagnoses, and treatment of atherosclerosis.

A stroke occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is cut off and people who have hypertension are four to six times more likely to have a stroke. Stay safe: Learn your risk factors and the warning signs of stroke and what to do in a stroke emergency.

Heart disease is the No. 1 cause of death associated with hypertension. Learn more about related heart conditions, their diagnoses, and treatment.

Hypertension is a major cause of kidney disease and kidney failure. There are symptoms to watch for — and treatment options. Learn more.

Untreated hypertension can affect your eyesight, causing damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Known as hypertensive retinopathy, learn more about this condition and its prevention.

Hypertension is a risk factor for the development and worsening of many diabetes complications, and likewise having diabetes increases your risk of developing high blood pressure. Learn more about how these two conditions affect one another.

High blood pressure can be a sign of preeclampsia, a pregnancy-related problem that can become life-threatening. Learn what you need to know.

Metabolic syndrome is a group of health problems which include too much fat around the waist, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood sugar, and more — all increasing your risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetes. Find out more about metabolic syndrome here.

High blood pressure by itself can lead to erectile dysfunction. But some drugs for treating high blood pressure can actually be the cause as well. Find out more about why high blood pressure is a major cause of erection problems.



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